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Southern Regional Council Appalachian Desegregation Survey Records

 Collection — Container: 1
Identifier: BCA 0055 SAA 055

Scope and Contents

The collection is comprised of correspondence, notes, and reports relating to a 1954 attitudes survey conducted by Berea College economics professor Robert G. Menefee, in which he explored the impact of the Supreme Court's Brown decision outlawing racial segregation in the nation's schools.


  • Created: 1953-1954


Conditions Governing Access

Records can be accessed through the Reading Room, Berea College Special Collections and Archives, Hutchins Library, Berea College.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no known restrictions other than federal copyright regulations. Please cite information.


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Language of Materials



In 1954 the Southern Regional Council (SRC) contacted Berea College professor of sociology Roscoe Giffin proposing that he survey attitudes in southern Appalachia about the U. S. Supreme Court's recent desegregation decision, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.  Giffin declined; however, he recommended a Berea colleague in the Economics and Business department, Robert Menefee for the work.  Giffin's recommendation was accepted, and Menefee was invited to work for the SRC for two months (between July 12 and September 12, 1954). Travelling in the mountain regions of North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, Menefee interviewed a total of 218 people in 29 Appalachian counties about public school desegregation.  Menefee submitted his report in October, 1954.  The report was immediately accepted and comprised the October 1954 (Vol. 9, No. 10) issue of the SCR’s New South entitled "The Supreme Court Decision and the Appalachian South."

Source of Acquisition

The collection was given to Berea College by Dr. Robert Menefee.

Other Descriptive Information

Collection Number: BCA 0055 SAA 055

Processing Information

The finding aid was updated in November 2015.

Archon Finding Aid Title
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Repository Details

Part of the Berea College Special Collections and Archives Repository

Hutchins Library
100 Campus Drive
Berea Kentucky 40404 US